A Kadir Jasin
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[Versi Yang Dirombak. Mengandungi Transkrip Sidang Akhbar Dr M]
BEKAS Perdana Menteri, Dr Mahahir Mohamad, hari ini menyarankan agar ahli dan penyokong Umno menggunakan pilihan raya umum (PRU) akan datang bagi “membersihkan” parti itu.
Katanya, tiada jalan lain untuk membersihkan parti itu daripada pemimpin yang tidak cekap dan tidak amanah. Dr Mahathir menggunakan istilah Inggeris “cleansing” bagi memperjelaskan apa yang beliau maksudkan.
Ini, tegas beliau, terpaksa dilakukan kerana segala percubaan menegur dan mengubah pemimpin serta dasar parti dari dalam telah digagalkan.
Bercakap kepada sidang akhbar di Putrajaya selepas melancarkan buku “Dr Mahathir’s Selected Letters to World Leaders,” beliau merujuk kepada hasutan serta politik wang yang digunakan bagi menyekat percubaan beliau menjadi perwakilan biasa Kubang Pasu ke Perhimpunan Agung Umno 2006.
Ditanya apakah beliau bersedia membantu Umno dan Barisan Nasional pada PRU akan datang, Dr Mahathir berkata beliau sedia jika dijemput.
“Tetapi saya akan hanya membantu calon yang bersih dan berwibawa sahaja,” katanya sambil merujuk kepada PRU 2004 apabila BN menghalang beliau daripada berkempen di kawasan-kawasan tertentu.
Ditanya apakah strategi “pukul anak sindir menantu” itu mungkin membawa kesan buruk kepada Umno dan Barisan Nasional, Dr Mahathir berkata beliau tidak nampak ada cara lain bagi membersihkan Umno dan mengembalikan suara ahli biasa.
Ahli dan pemimpin bawahan Umno tidak lagi berani atau berpeluang bersuara, katanya.
“Lihatlah bagaimana bahagian dan cawangan Umno yang menjemput saya memberi ceramah diberi kata dua oleh pucuk pimpinan dan dikunjungi oleh polis,” tegasnya.
Katanya, apabila beliau menegur kepemimpinan parti atau tidak bersetuju dengan dasar serta program kerajaan, beliau ditengking, diherdik, dicaci dan dicerca oleh pelbagai pihak dalam Umno.
Ditanya apakah beliau tidak bimbang kemungkinan anak yang dipukul akan mati tetapi menantu buat tidak peduli dan terus berkuasa, Dr Mahathir sekali lagi menegaskan beliau tidak nampak ada jalan lain membersihkan parti daripada unsur-unsur yang memudaratkan.
Ditanya apakah keputusan PRU nanti akan menyerupai PRU 1999 apabila undi BN merosot teruk, Dr Mahathir pada mulanya berkata ia mungkin menyerupai keputusan PRU 1969.
Tetapi apabila ditekan mengenai perbandingan dengan keputusan PRU 1999, beliau berkata keputusan PRU 1999 dipengaruhi oleh peristiwa “black eye” (mata lebam Anwar Ibrahim).
Ditanya apakah pendirian beliau itu mungkin disalah-mengertikan sebagai memihak kepada pembangkang, Dr Mahathir berkata beliau tetap menyokong BN dan Umno, tetapi beliau mahu pengundi memilih calon yang bersih dan menolak “kayu mati” (dead wood) dan calon yang “kotor.”
Sidang akhbar itu dihadiri oleh ramai wakil media massa arus perdana, laman-laman berita bebas, wakil media asing dan penulis blog, termasuk yang mewakili atau memihak kepada parti-parti pembangkang.
Buku “Dr Mahathir’s Selected Letters to World Leaders” yang diberi kata pengantar dan ulasan oleh Abdullah Ahmad, bekas Ketua Pengarang Kumpulan NSTP itu mengandungi surat-menyurat antara Dr Mahathir dengan beberapa pemimpin utama dunia.
Mereka termasuklah George W Bush, Tony Blair, Margaret Thatcher, Jacques Chirac, Edouard Balladur, Putera Charles, Bill Clinton, John Major, Robert Dole dan Michel Rocard.
Gist of the story
1. Umo member and supporters should use the coming general election to “cleanse” the party of inefficient and untrustworthy leaders and the dead wood;
2. There’s no choice but to resort to the GE because attempts to change the party from within had been thwarted;
3. Even his modest attempt to become an ordinary divisional delegate to the party’s 2006 general assembly was subjected to threat and money politics;
4. Divisions and branches that invited him to talk were hauled up by party’s headquarters and organisers were questioned by the police;
5. Members and grass root leaders no longer dare to speak out;
6. He was shouted at, scolded, cursed and maligned for criticizing the party and government;
7. He is not siding with the oppositions. In fact he is willing to campaign for good and credible BN candidates if invited;
8. He urged Umno members and supporters to reject inefficient and corrupt leaders and the dead wood;
9. He said they cannot avoid punishing the party because there is no other way to cleanse it of such leaders; and
10. The outcome of the coming GE could be as bad as that of the 1969 poll.
[Transcript of Dr Mahathir’s Press Conference issued by his Press Secretary, Sufi Yusof]
Dr M: First thing before you begin to ask me questions I would like to thank you very much for your presence today. What my book is all about I have already explained just now so if there are anymore questions you are welcomed to ask, if I can answer, I will, if I cannot I will just shut up. Okay...
Q: Will you contest in the coming General Election?
Dr M : Well like the comedian who was talking about his girlfried, he would like to but he didn't...
Q: How much does the US recession is likely to affect Malaysia?
Dr M : Well actually today the US should close down because it had been bankrupt for several years now. It has deficits. But because the United States owns IMF (International Monetary Fund) the IMF has not taken any action. If we were in that situation we would have been crushed to the ground but this is the US where they can print money and where they can make use of other opeople's money to sustain an economy that is unsustainable.
But unfortunately too many countries have trade and investment links with the uS and some of these investments abroad are really meant to supply the US with their products. If the US is not in a position to buy their products then these companies located in other countries including Malaysia will suffer. So the fact remains that the US economy is so big that its collapse is going to affect the world. So the world is not going to allow it to collapse just like the US will not allow certain big banks to collapse. We will feel the impact, whether we like it or not. We will feel the impact. In fact we are already feeling the impact. Today we are in a state of denial and bad things are coming in the future because it is not going to be easy to ensure that the US recession does not take place. It is not easy to reverse the process
Q: Tun now Malaysia does not trade much with the US?
Dr M : I don’t know the last figure I had was about 30% of our exports still go to the US. So 80 per cent of our trade about...100 billion a year is a very big chunk
Q: Your comment on lacklustre attitude from OIC in response to the problems in Palestine
Dr M : It is usual that they are not interested in the sufferings of the people in Gaza or Palestine. They are too busy with other things. They have never shown any sympathy for the Palestinian, only verbal support but no really tangible support.
Q: Tun akan turun Padang berkempen untuk BN?
Dr M : Saya dulu saya terima iaitu saya akan bantu dalam kempen tapi pada tahun 2004 oleh kerana parti BN begitu popular saya dikehendaki tidak kempen di tempat-tempat tertentu. Saya akan kempen cuma kalau saya percaya orang yang dicalonkan itu ialah orang yang boleh membawa kebaikan.
Q: Politics is dirty because of politicians or is it that politics is just dirty?
Dr M : The politicians, because I am also a politician I don't play dirty politics but when people who have openly told lies and the whole country knows they told lies and they get re-elected...and (this) cause me to lose my respect and lose my faith in the political system as practised by them.
Q: In your book...(not audible)
Dr M : I have claimed to be a Muslim fundamentalist. This one (Hadhari) is modern Islam which is another thing altogether. I go for the fundamentals and the fundamentals of Islam is very good. It is not like the Christian fundamentalist where they are equated with extremism. To equate Muslim fundamentalist with extremism is wrong. It’s a misnomer. If you really follow the teachings of Islam, the basic teachings of Islam, you should be a very good man, a very progressive man, well-balanced person.
Q: (not audible)
Dr M : I always point out that for 1,400 years there have been many interpretations of Islam and many of these interpretations are influenced by the situation occurring at that time so the interpretation today is because we are a democratic country we will have elections and anything that we say can be used by the opposition in order to gain support.
Q: You mean current situation our interpretation is more for political reasons?
Dr M : Yes I think it is political more than religious. If its religious we need to sit down and discuss the basis of this decision and then only we can really say that it is an Islamic injunction not to do certain things.
Q: You say you will campaign for candidates...does this include opposition?
Dr M : No, I will not campaign for the opposition. But I am saying the people who support the BN should be a little bit more selective. Should think, should choose wisdom in their choice of the people they will support. If people name some deadwood, some corrupt politician as candidates even if they are from the BN, BN supporters should not support them. That way we can clean the party, BN and UMNO because there is no hope that Umno can be cleaned from within because everything is controlled now. Nobody can have an opinion and any contrary views they will make (is) sure will not be heard.
Q: Tun mengatakan bahawa pengundi termasuk penyokong BN perlu melakukan perubahan di piliharaya untuk megubah kepimpinan BN dan Umno. Itu maksud Tun?
Dr M : Ya, itu sahaja harapan kita. Itu pun bukanlah kuat sangat harapan kerana saya berpendapat pengundi-pengundi biasa pun kadang-kadang terpengaruh dengan cara yang tidak halal tetapi kita sudah hilang keupayaan untuk menukar pemimpin di peringkat parti kerana parti sekarang ini dibenar cuma mengata "Yes" kepada apa yang presiden kata. Jadi tidak ada real opinion dalam party anymore. No way you can change the leadership of the party or the way the party operates from within. If the people in Malaysia wishes to have a party that is centered on nepotism and corruption then of course they will vote for the same people and will achieve no correction
Q: Are you saying the PM for the moment can be considered in your definition as deadwood?
Dr M : I don’t know about what my opinion is but i know i have differences with him.
Q: Lepas tun lepas jawatan PM ada khabar angin tentang fail rasuah tokoh Umno kelantan yang Tun serah kepada Pak Lah untuk tindakan...
Dr M : Fail kalau ada akan diserah oleh ACA. Bukan saya punya tugas nak serah file tapi saya tahu ada kes tertentu yang harus diselidik dan tindakan diambil. Saya amat sedar bahawa kes corruption bukan mudah untuk kita buktikan. Dengan itu kita cuma akan dengar cerita yang buruk tetapi akhirnya tiada satu tindakan pun yang boleh diambil
Q: When you stepped down in 2003 you said you made a gentleman's agreement for him to stay one term. In this case macam mana?
Dr M : Even if I said I had this gentlemen's agreement there is no way I can prove it. My thinking that since he was older than Najib he should be PM for a term and then Najib should be able to take over.
Q: In the 22 years of your administration, there was fast track development, many things were done in record time...PM now needs more time beyond five years to develop his projects. What is your view?
Dr M : I know it takes time to implement plans and projects but i think if that is to be used as an excuse to stay in power for 18 years that would not be very welcome. But that time to implement...at this time only announcements are being made. He is already asking for time to do this.
Q: The PM announced economic corridor, repercussion not now...commitments made are huge. If not able to be delivered what will happen to future PM?
Dr M : What i think is that it certainly will not be delivered by the time of the election. So this is the reason why you should allow the present Government to go on so that they can implement. But the way, the things are being implemented are also questionable. Giving it to the so called GLC which then gives contracts to other people, none of which are very open that is not really the right way to do things.
Q: What is you greatest concern in 50 years looking at Malaysia?
Dr M : Well, I think the Government does not seem to know how to progress, how to implement things. It’s already quite sometime since I stepped down. (It) would have been easier perhaps to just continue with the projects already on the ground but it was decided to postpone ostensibly because of lack of funds. But what I do know is that when I stepped down there was enough money to go ahead with all the so-called mega projects. Now they have decided to go ahead with some of the mega projects but the cost is very high, as much as 50 % more simply because the cost of living, the cost of everything has gone up in the meantime. So the postponement was totally unjustified. Now they realised that these are needed infrastructure.
Q: Time to implement projects...you mean he should carry on as PM?
Dr M : It depends upon the record you have shown in some other things that doesn't need too much time. If you show that you can implement it, the smaller projects, i think you should be given more time for the bigger projects. But what you see is just a stoppage, a kind of reversal of the previous policies and projects ostensibly because there was no funds and this is not such a good judgment.
Q: Now you are complaining of cronyism and nepotism in Pak Lah's term...(question not audible)
Dr M : Well I am aware that I was not always right but those people who were called my cronies were not my cronies. As a matter of fact when I was accused of these I published, I made public the list of people who had projects etc and it was clear that they were not people I know except for the very well known figures. I was not practising cronyism but of course these (accusations) were attached to me as a kind of label to undermine my credibility (and) I cannot get away from it. But today we see nepotism creeping in. We see companies getting projects to the extent that many Malaysian entrepreneurs and contractors are now going abroad. They said there is no opportunity within the country.
Q: Tun, as ahli Umno No 1. Are you aware of current happenings within the party, do you get any updates?
Dr M : Nothing, I am completely cut out
Q: Compared to during your time the BN is no longer as united as before...
Dr M : When we have a group of people working together, we must know how to handle them. They have grouses, they have differences but if you handle them properly and tackle the grouses, I think they will sit together. But if you show any weakness, giving in, people will take advantage of your weakness.
Q: In the recent state assembly sitting in Kelantan Datuk Mustafa Mohamad admitted he asked you to stop developing Kelantan when PAS took over Government...
Dr M : Well not only Mustafa but all the rest of Umno felt you should not develop Kelantan because if you do they will tell people..."Look even if you don't vote for BN you will still get development, so why bother to vote for BN?" - that's what PAS will say and that has always been a problem with PAS even in my constituency. If a village is supportive of PAS and i were to give a bridge or whatever PAS will tell people "Look you don't have to support the Government so support us." Because of that we had to hold back.
Q: Do you think political Islam will play a big role in the next General Election?
Dr M : It will be exploited to the utmost by PAS and the Government will have its hands full trying to handle it.
Q: What about racial issues?
Dr M : It is unfortunate because we have never really achieved racial harmony but we have been able to keep it within control. But now people are not only taking action based on race but also on religion. They say Hinduism was not something that will cause a ..... (not audidble)....but now Hindus apparently feel dissatisfied with their lot and have made this demonstration. I don't say that because I agree with them. I don't agree with them. But they see a Government that is retreating and of course they want to take advantage.
Q: Apa pendapat tun tentang sekiranya anak beranak dapat jawatan utama dalam parti umno. Bolehkah orang Melayu terima?
Dr M: Psychology....attitude Melayu berbeza sikit. Dia sokong bukan kerana individu. Sokong kerana parti, kalau bagi a piece of log there or a stone they will still vote the party because this is my party and I cannot allow my party to lose. The Chinese are much more selective. They did not like me in 1969. They made sure I lost the election but they also made sure the Alliance won the election. So if you cause a person that you don't like to lose, it doesn't mean that the party will lose, the party will win.
Q: You were reported that MIC should be blamed for the Indians' plight. Were you misquoted?
Dr M : No, its not MIC as a political party. But the thing is that people, rather Indians, who may not agree with MIC but still wish to support the BN are not given ay chance at all. In their frustration, whether MIC is right or wrong is a different matter, obviously there is no opportunity for anybody else, any other Indians, to come up.
Q: What role are you trying to play in the next General Election?
Dr M : I'm trying to promote cleansing of the party by the people, because within the party it is not possible to cleanse. If I say anything there will be a chorus of people who will curse me including some of my former ministers...they will curse me...so if I'm going to be cursed by them i might as well be cursed for everything else.
Q: Strategi pukul anak sindir menantu...
Dr M : There is a risk in all these things but I hope that we will love this country enough to vote for the best candidate.
Q: Masksuydnya Tun boleh terima hakikat pembangkang menang lebih?
Dr M : No, pembangkang tak mungkin menang lebih banyak daripada BN. Lebih banyak dari sekarang mungkin, tapi tak boleh jadi kerajaan.
Q: More than in 1999?
Dr M : 1999 was a different matter. A question of a black eye
Q: 99 was issues of emotion, but now isu harga barang, jenayah jadi kebimbangan pada rakyat...
Dr M : Well the issues are different. There is problem of inflation etc but more important is the quality of leadership, quality of Umno that has degenerated to the point where members cannot say anything. You say something you are hauled up and asked to choose between the PM and whoever. So there is not a slightest freedom that is allowed and in my case I was invited by many people and the people who invited me were called by the police not to go ahead with the invitation, to cancel the invitation. Of course you can use police for implementing the law but there is no law that allows police to threaten people that if they hold the meeting and invite me they will get into trouble. But this is what happened.
During my time, Tengku Razaleigh wanted to make a speech they could make a speech. Anybody who wanted to make a speech, even Tengku Razaleigh, I did not stop him. But here the moment I stepped down almost I was practically not allowed to speak.
Q: How do you plan to cleanse the party?
Dr M : Its up to the people to vote in those leaders who are clean because the party will not clean itself
Q: But what is you plan?
Dr M : I don't know all I can say is talk to you (the Press)...
Q: How about the leadership,,,
Dr M : Its up to the people to make an assessment as to who should continue or who should go.
Q: Your assessment...will there be total change in the line-up
Dr M : I think there will be no total change. There will be some people who will be retained some people who have not delivered they should not be retained
Q: The young generation?
Dr M : Unfortunately the young generation does not even bother to register
Q: Claims of vote buying, any proof?
Dr M : In my case I have proof. People were bribed not to vote for me in my constituency and I expect that to be extended, it was nothing just a small matter but still these attempts were made to prevent me from becoming just a wakil
Q: Do you think there will be outright vote buying?
Dr M : There is that possibility. I was told in the by election that thing happened.